Abaya 0: full body-length cloak-like garment, typically black, worn over clothes outside the family home or villag

Zari 1: cotton thread wrapped in gold or silver thread. Originally gold and silver as in the metals, however now synthetic material is used, often plastic to wrap around the cotton.

Dishdasha 2: Women’s dress a-line in shape. Varying in length from ankle to knee. Always has long sleeves.

Singaff 3: Hem edging in plain colour, usually purple.

Laysue 4: The most common ensemble seen throughout the Sultanate today. A dishdasha and headscarf worn in matching fabric, often in patterned fabric.

Hijab 5: headscarf, shoulder length

Al Burqa 6: Face covering made from neel dyed fabric. Women in tribes wearing the burqa begin wearing it at the age of 15 or menstruation. This is a visual clue to the members of the community that she is ready for marriage.

Jinn 53: supernatural creatures in Arab folklore and Islamic teachings which occupy a parallel world to that of mankind. Together, jinn, humans and angels make up the three sentient creations of Allah. According to the Qur’ān, there are two creations that have free will: humans and jinn.  Like human beings, the jinn can also be good, evil, or neutrally benevolent.

Neel 54: nil - blue (Sanskrit), general Arabic word for the indigo plant and its dye. 
Indigo needs a hot climate both for optimal growth and the complex process of extracting the dye. Bunches of the oval leaves and pods are cut after they have flowered in summer, and allowed to steep in clay jars full of water. In the heat, the plant matter ferments and the process is helped along by vigorous stirring and macerating with a special whisk every 30 minutes. Introducing oxygen in this way enables the dye to be extracted: first the water turns green, then gradually deepens to dark blue. The solid residue collects at the bottom of the jar, from which it is drained off as a thick paste and allowed to dry. The dried dye is then cut into small flat blocks and sold locally or kept for dyeing.



Badla 7: trouser embroidery

Adlia 8: Similar to al qbah but not only in black

Sawad 9: black cotton fabric

Shaila 10: shoulder length scarf made in black fabric, inner most layer, worn closest to the head.

Wuqaiah 11: coloured or black scarf, covers the body to the elbows, worn as outer most layer, worn instead of abaya in the past.

Adeliyah 12: Dress worn in the 1960’s instead of the dishdasher. The embroidery around the neckline is called halq, the centre panel of the garment is called qamah, the side panels are called takhrus, the gusset under the arm is al bat, the sleeve qeenan and the trailing hem is called thail.


Al Batinah


Al Hadthiya 13: woven braid with fringing

Wuqayah 14: commonly a black scarf however, may be coloured and embellished with woollen embroidery. Use to be worn under Shaila

Shaila 15: large black scarf worn instead of Abaya, often has a line of embroidery through the centre (length ways)

A Surwal 16: Trousers

Al Shebaq 17: The cording which holds the burqa to the face.


Capital Region


Bolly 18: Long pocket at front of dress. Pocket is made when the centre front embroidery is attached and an opening is left on one of the short sides.

Tikasif 19: Signature feature of Muscat Al Beloushi dress. Series of fabric tucks at waist level on both sides of the garment, extending from the side front, under the arm to the side back.


Al Dhahirah (Ibri)

Waqayah 20: Scarf worn closest to the head, shoulder length and black in colour.

Esabah 21: Gold or metallic band hand woven approximately 2cm wide, worn across forehead to keep galboob in place.

Galboob 22: commonly made from black fabric, the wuqaiah is the outer layer of scarves and may be worn instead of abaya.


Al Dakhiliyah (Bahla)


Wuqaiah 23: commonly a black scarf however, may be coloured and embellished with woollen embroidery.

Karkash 24: Woollen embroidery or fringing.

Hudhiah 25: scarf

Laisue 26: Scarf, colourful

Galboob 27: Large scarf worn instead of abaya

Boyiboy 28: Instead of Abaya

Dantain 29: Small Singaff, approximately 1cm wide

Badlah 30: trouser cuff embroidery

Saqah 31: trouser cuff embroidery, which extends up the inside leg for a length which measures one hand span.

Al Borooj Ring 32

Hudaih 33: Colourful shawl with fringing worn instead of abaya

Eqab 34: chin strap on headscarf


Al Sharqiyah


Al Qbah 35: sheer black thob worn over a dishdasher, it communicates a woman's marital status, in some regions it has heavy embellishment around the neck, across the central chest region, in other regions it is worn plainer with either a lace or bound hem

Kaseeto 36: scarf

Bashtah 37: trouser cuff embroidery

Browy Al Ladi 38: dishdasher embroidery

Tarbooshah 39: tassel

Shaila 40: large black scarf worn instead of Abaya, often has a line of embroidery through the centre (length ways) This embroidered line is called Martaq

Laisue 41: Scarf, colourful

Khyatah 42: trouser cuff embroidery, can eather has one colour (prefered by older ladies) or be multi-coloured (for younger ladies)


Al Wusta


Megnah 43: scarf

Uorah 44: black sheer scarf




Dofari Thawb 45: Abu Tail -long at the front, short at the back.

Qeefan 46: worn instead of abaya, similar to shaila but is coloured, not black

Deebag 47: velvet, heavy weight

Makhmal 48: velvet, light weight

Faqr 49: neckline embroidery and embellishment on thawb

Trouser 50: Almeeza

Sada 51: Trousers without embroidery

Ashuqa 52: White abaya